How did balloon sinuplasty start
Balloon sinuplasty began in the early part of this century by biomedical engineers from the balloon angioplasty field. They reasoned that just as a surgeon could thread a balloon into a blocked heart artery and dilate it to increase blood flow, you could modify the technology to enable sinus surgeons to dilate the blocked outflow tracks of the paranasal sinuses.
The medical theory behind balloon sinuplasty dates back to the beginning of minimally invasive sinus surgery. Minimally invasive sinus surgery (aka functional endoscopic sinus surgery) began over three decades ago when sinus surgeons from Austria reported that long standing sinus sufferers could achieve permanent relief without having to undergo radical sinus surgery. The theory behind minimally invasive sinus surgery is that if you open the outflow tracts of the diseased sinuses, then in most cases the affected sinuses will return to normal. The efficacy of minimally invasive sinus surgery is well established, as it has been standard of care since the 1980s. Balloon Sinuplasty is an outgrowth of that. In balloon sinuplasty, the outflow tracts are still opened to relieve blockage. This procedure is unique in that it is a quick, in office procedure and patients usually return to full activity within days.